Bats: The Fingerprints of Creation, continued


Many researchers have found that the formation of fossils and many other geological processes do not require long periods of time. In 1953 National Geographic documented a story of a bat that died in the Carlsbad Caverns. When this bat died it fell on top of a stalagmite where it remained while the stalactite above continued dripping. The stalagmite continued to form entombing the dead bat before the body of the bat had a chance to decay. This is one example of evidence that the processes of these types of formations do not require long periods of time. At one time researchers believed that the cavern was over 260 million years old. Now many have conceded that the cavern is less than 2 million years old. The rapid formation of stalagmites and stalactites has forced researchers to reconsider what were once believed to be long processes. The more we learn about the earth and its processes the younger it seems to be.


Everywhere fossils are found we are told that there was once a great body of water. Fossils are found in high elevations as well as the lowest elevations and so we are told about the oceans of millions of years ago. It is interesting to note that the Australian Aborigines, Native Americans and the Chinese have a record of a global flood, as do other ancient civilizations. Consider also the fact that over 70 percent of the earth is covered with water. Does the idea of the biblical worldwide flood sound so outrageous on such a wet planet? Researchers speculate that planet Mars, which has no trace of liquid water, may have been at one time covered with water. Where did all the water go?


Without getting side tracked further I will sum up this section by saying that what we find in the fossil record is exactly what the Bible predicts. First, God created fully formed creatures confirmed by the fossil record. There are no ancestral or transitional fossil forms found in the fossil record. Secondly, the fossils we see are the result of a worldwide flood, sedimentary layers swiftly being laid down by water burying animals and plants.


"And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so." Genesis 1:11


On the third day of creation week we find plant life appearing on the earth. The relationship between bats and the plant kingdom is unusually astounding. It is obvious that the fruit and nectar eating bats were part of the original created kind on day five of creation week. These relationships make it apparent that the creation days were twenty-four hour periods and not long geological ages.


The baobab tree, or as it is known in Africa "the tree of life", is very important to the ecology of eastern Africa. Many species of wildlife depend on this tree for their existence. The flowers of the tree open at night and hang down allowing the bat to approach them from underneath. Bats are the sole pollinators of this tree as they retrieve the nectar from the flowers. The baobab depends on the bat for its existence and in turn many creatures depend on the "tree of life".


Many plants depend on the bat for pollination and survival. Over 300 species of plants rely on bats. Bats are responsible for the original varieties of bananas and other fruits that we enjoy. And seed dispersion in rain forests is a necessary function performed by bats.


The Bible teaches that the plants were brought forth on day three of creation week and bats on day five. Were the creation days twenty four-hour periods or long geologic periods of time? If the days were long geologic periods then how could these plants survive before bats came on the scene? How long can a bat-dependent plant survive and reproduce without a bat to pollinate it? The Bible suggests two days, maybe more, but certainly not millions of years.


"to the moles and to the bats; To go into the clefts of the rocks, and into the tops of the ragged rocks." Isaiah 2:20,21


For thousands of years people have observed bats emerging from cave openings every night. The bats are able to enter and inhabit these dark places with their ability to echolocate. This remarkable sonar system far surpasses any radar system that man has developed in this age of modern technology. We can see into the farthest reaches of the universe with high power radio telescopes but fall short in developing any thing that equals the sonar system of the bats.


The fact that they can fly at night and enter the darkest caves might cause one to think that bats have no need for their eyes and that bats may be blind. All bats can see, some poorly and some very well. It is their ability to echolocate that enables them to see by hearing. Bats give off an ultrasonic pulse (shout) or click and the sound travels through the air until it reaches an object. When the sound of the pulse hits the object it echoes back to the bat. The bat is able to distinguish what the object is and how close or far the object is. This is done with a series of pulses or clicks. With this ability bats can distinguish between a tree, a ripple of water or even a single hair.


With this ability to echolocate bats can avoid flying into and hitting objects and hunt for their prey. Most insect eating bats have this ability while only one species of fruit eating bats are able to echolocate. Some bats emit a pulse (shout) through their mouth and others through their noses. The frequency of the ultrasonic pulses can range from as low as 200Hz up to 30,000Hz. Remarkably when they emit this pulse their middle ear muscles contract to reduce or eliminate the sound of the original pulse. With this action of the ear muscle contracting they don't confuse the original pulse from the returning echo. It also may be that the original pulse could be deafening to the bat.


When the bat is foraging for food it echolocates to find a mosquito or moth. As it bears down on its prey it produces what is called a feeding buzz. With this series of pulses or clicks some bats can give off up to 200 pulses per second. Not only does the bat emit ultra sonic pulses but the ears are, in essence, opening and closing 200 times per second as well!


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